Recycling and waste prevention practices, legislation, history, technology

Testimony, Research, Publications and Presentations by Maggie Clarke, Ph.D.

 

"Counterpoint: Reopening Fresh Kills, Brilliant or Boneheaded."  Article with reasons against re-opening Fresh Kills landfill.  New York Times, City Section, April 14, 2002 

Introduction to Waste Prevention and Recycling, presented at and published in Proceedings of Air and Waste Management Association Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, June 23-27, 2002

Design and Implementation of a Field Study of Durable Products and Recyclables Discards in New York City and New Jersey, presented and published in the Proceedings of the Air & Waste Management Association's 93rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Salt Lake City, UT, June, 2000

"Field Study of Recycling Efficiency and Durable Products Left at Curbside in New York City" presented and published in the Proceedings of the Air & Waste Management Association's 93rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, Salt Lake City, UT, June 18-23, 2000. 10 pp.

"The History of Waste Prevention in New York City", presented at the plenary session of "Damming the Waste Stream", a waste prevention conference in New York, NY, December 18, 1999

"Multi-Family Recycling Programs: A New York City Case Study", presented at the National Recycling Coalition’s Eighteenth Annual Congress & Exposition, Cincinnati, OH. September 26-29, 1999.

Purchasing Strategies to Prevent Waste and Save Money, co-author. Guide published by the National Recycling Coalition, Alexandria, VA., April, 1999.

"Advancements in Environmental Procurement: Enacting Comprehensive New Legislation in New York City", presented at Northeast Resource Recovery Conference, Burlington, VT, June 2-3, 1997.

"Advancements in Environmental Procurement: Enacting Comprehensive New Legislation in New York City", presented at and published in the Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Solid Waste Technology and Management, Philadelphia, PA, Nov. 17-20, 1996, 8pp.

Environmental Procurement In New York City:  A Critique of the Present System and A Description of Proposed New Legislation, presented at and published in Proceedings of the Air & Waste Management Associationís 89th Annual Meeting & Exhibition, June, 1996, Nashville, TN

"An Overview and Discussion on Integrated Waste Management", presented at Director’s Informal Seminar Series, Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute, New Brunswick, NJ., May 8, 1995.

"Fax-On-Demand and The Internet as Tools for Resource Exchanges" Chemical Bank Conference on Reuse, New York, NY. February 2-3, 1995.

Waste Characterization Studies and the Solid Waste Hierarchy, February, 1992, published in Resource Recycling.

"Solid Waste Management Solutions for the U.S. and Ukraine", presented at The American-Ukraine Conference on Environmental Study and Control, Kiev State Technical University of Construction and Architecture, Kiev, Ukraine, September 21-26, 1993.

"Waste Prevention: The Key to Combatting the Garbage Crisis", in MetroPlanner, Metropolitan Chapter, American Planning Association, Vol. 5, No. 5, February, 1993. p. 16.

"Waste Characterization Studies and the Solid Waste Hierarchy", Resource Recycling.  February, 1992, pp. 75-84. Article traces the development and use of waste composition studies over the past twenty years, from their use to design incinerators, then recycling programs, and ultimately, source reduction strategies.

"Designing Waste Composition studies to Optimize Implementation of the Solid Waste Hierarchy", presented and published in the Proceedings of the 84th Annual Meeting of the Air and Waste Management Association, Vancouver, British Columbia, June 16-21, 1991. 16 pp.

Targeting Toxics in the Waste Stream, Waste Age, May 1991. Article describes the concept of pollutant precursors and their deleterious impacts on waste disposal and recycling, and presents available data on these toxics in the waste stream and the beneficial impacts to be achieved by their removal.

"The Paradox and the Promise of Source Reduction" presented and published in the Proceedings of the 83rd Annual Meeting of the Air and Waste Management Association", Pittsburgh, PA, June 25-29, 1990. 16 pp.

"A Solid Waste Research Agenda",  Waste Age April, 1990. Article outlines an interpretation of the public's perspectives regarding the waste management hierarchy and research needs for source reduction, recycling, incineration, ash management, and sludge management.

"An Ear for the Public's Wants" Waste Age, April, 1990. Article describes the genesis of the Not-In-My-Back-Yard Syndrome, the role of the public and nonprofit environmental organizations in public decision-making, a case study of mechanisms for public participation used in New York City, and recommendations for structuring of public participation in government.

"The Paradox and the Promise of Source Reduction" Solid Waste and Power, January, 1990. Article defines volume and toxic source reduction, describes its environmental, natural resources and economic implications vis a vis other solid waste management alternatives, reviews the successful Berlin source reduction experiment, and suggests a number of methods for achieving source reduction.

The Paradox and the Promise of Source Reduction, September, 1989

"The Public's Perspective Regarding Waste Management and Research Needs", presented at and published in the Proceedings of the Conference on Municipal Waste at City College of New York, April 18, 1989. 11 pp.

"Garbage Management in New York City -- The Promise of Source Reduction", presented at the New York City Environmental Education Conference: A Blueprint for Action, sponsored by NYC Department of Environmental Protection, New York, NY, September 9, 1989. The talk discussed the definition of source reduction, the percentage of the waste stream with source reduction potential, waste generation rates here and abroad, comparative costs for source reduction vs. other solid waste management options, and the paradox of source reduction's top placement in the hierarchy and its lowest placement in funding for research and programs. 36 p

"What Goes In Stays In -- Does Reduction and Separation Before Incineration Work?" presented at Ashes To ?? -Problems, Perceptions and Prospects in Municipal Waste Ash Management, A Cook College, Rutgers University Short Course, sponsored by NJ Dept. of Environmental Protection, New Brunswick, NJ, June 15, 1989. Acetates for the presentation were distributed. The talk described the available research describing the inputs of metals and other pollution precursors in the waste stream vs. outputs in terms of emissions and ash. 42pp

The Solid Waste Dilemma: An Agenda for Action EPA Solid Waste Task Force, Washington, DC. September, 1988. Provided advance guidance and early peer review by invitation.